Currently, there are many problems in the world, such as:
  • damaged natural environments
  • depleted and damaged farmland
  • polluted rivers, lakes, land, air, and oceans
  • pollution of people, animals, and plants and extinction of many species
  • unfair distribution of wealth (high percentage of poor people, small percentage of very wealthy people)
  • People have created all these problems, and it is people who must change their ways for the earth to become healthy again. Action and change must come from all levels of society, including governments, businesses, workers, farmers, community groups, families, men, women, children, and everyone else. On the other hand, sustainable agricultural development is strongly dependent on environmental resources such as land, forest, air, water, and other resources. The sustainable utilization of these resources is vital for the growth and sustainability of the agriculture sector. Although, the intensification of agriculture exerts pressure on natural resources it also contributes to land degradation. Increasing agriculture’s contribution to climate change mitigation should entail efficient crop systems. However, agriculture is vulnerable to the effects of climate change and that change in rainfall patterns and increase in temperatures normally shortens the growing seasons and reduce crop yields. There is a scientific consensus that concentration of greenhouse gases, human-driven emissions of carbon dioxide and land-use changes are the processes primarily responsible for climate change in our region. Climate change is also an attribute of unsustainable farming methods and systems including deforestation, land clearing and/or bush fires.

    Ways forward

    Kukua Practical Permaculture of Africa was established in view of the above environmental problems which seem to endanger our habitat. Permaculture offer solutions for many environmental, social and livelihood problems. KPPA used the Permaculture Ethics, Principles, and Designs to develop its curriculum. The following are the key areas why Permaculture is a solution to our environmental problems:
  • Not disturbing the balance of the natural ecosystem or displacing any other living being or species
  • Rebuilding, rehabbing, or re-establishing damaged natural systems to their natural states
  • Relying on natural water capturing and conservation techniques to nourish our gardens and orchards
  • Returning all wastes (as compost) to nourish our soils, plants, and trees
  • Designing our systems and procedures around these principles to keep the circle unbroken